the beginning of fascismBenito Mussolini
The main creator of fascism was Benito Mussolini. He was born on July 29, 1883 in North Central Italy. At about the age of 19 he moved to Switzerland where he began his political debut as a socialist. Two years later he returned to Italy where he lived as a socialist journalist until he was drafted into the Italian army after his support of Italy's entry into WWI. After WWI, in March 1919, he formed the National Fascist Party. His new political ideology started to become successful because of Europe's broken down government and because it employed war veterans. His followers were split up into armed groups called "Black Shirts." These groups threatened any political opponents. In 1922, The National Fascist Party was accepted for Italy's fusion administration. A fusion administration is a group of political parties that cooperate together. At this point, Italy was failing in its political power. In 1922 as well, Benito Mussolini marched to Rome with his Black Shirts and announced himself to the King of Italy as the only person that could restore order to Italy's government. Three years after this Benito declared himself dictator of Italy and set to work on conquering different parts of Europe and Africa to grow his Italian Empire. Soon after, Benito allied himself with Nazi Germany and together they formed an agreement of militaristics and politics through the 1939 Pact of Steel. The Pact of Steel is the nickname dubbed by Benito for the agreement between Germany and Italy. It also officially began the Axis powers of WWII. This is the basics of how fascism was formed, and the rise of fascism.